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Monday, September 8, 2008

Authentic & UnAuthentic Dua for Iftaar

Praise be to Allaah, we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides will never be led astray, and whomsoever Allaah leaves astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that there is no god but Allaah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.


Regarding the Du`aa' of the fasting person when breaking his fast.


`Umar said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say when breaking his fast: "Dhahaba al-zama' wa abtalat al-'urooq wa thabata al-ajr in sha Allaah (Thirst is gone, the veins are moistened and the reward is certain if Allaah wills)." Narrated by Abu Dawood, 2357; al-Daaraqutni, 25. Ibn Hajar said in al-Talkhees al-Habeer (2/202): al-Daaraqutni said, its isnaad is saheeh.


The du`aa' "Allaahumma laka sumtu wa `ala rizqika aftartu (O Allaah, for You have I fasted and by Your provision I have broken my fast)" was narrated by Abu Dawood, 2358. It is a mursal hadeeth so it is da`eef (weak) . Al-Albaani classed it as da`eef in ben dawwad (510)


Saying du`aa' after doing acts of worship is deeply rooted in sharee`ah, such as making du`aa' after praying and after completing the rituals of Hajj. Fasting is not excluded from that in shaa Allaah. Allaah mentioned the verse of du`aa' and encouraged du`aa' among the verses that speak of fasting, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):


{And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge).

I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor) .

So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.}[al-Baqarah 2:186]

Pointing out the importance of making du`aa' during this month, Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:


Allaah tells us that He is close to His slaves and responds to the supplication (du`aa') of the one who calls upon Him. Here He is telling us of His Lordship (Ruboobiyyah) over them and that He gives them what they ask for and He responds to their du`aa'. For if they call upon Him that means they believe that He is their Lord! Then He enjoins two things upon them, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):


{So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright}[al-Baqarah 2:186]


The first is that they should obey His commands to worship Him and seek His help.

The second is that they should believe in His Lordship (ruboobiyyah) and Divinity (uloohiyyah), and that He is their Lord and their God. Hence it is said that response to a person's du`aa' is indicative of the soundness of his belief and the perfection of his obedience, because the verse of du`aa' ends with the words (interpretation of the meaning):


{So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright}[al-Baqarah 2:186]

Majmoo` al-Fataawa, 14/33.


Is there a du`aa' to be said at the time of sahoor?


The intention (niyyah) is an action of the heart. The Muslim should resolve in his heart that he is going to fast tomorrow. It is not prescribed for him to utter it out loud and say, "I intend to fast" or "I will fast tomorrow" or other phrases that have been innovated by some people. The correct intention is when a person resolves in his heart that he is going to fast tomorrow.


With regard to sahoor, there is no specific du`aa' to be said at this time. What is prescribed is to say Bismillah at the beginning and to praise Him when one stops eating, as should be done at every meal.

But the one who delays his sahoor until the last third of the night also catches up with the time of the divine descent, and this is a time when du`aa's are answered.


It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Our Lord, may He be blessed and exalted, comes down to the lowest heaven every night when the last third of the night is left, and He says: "Who will call upon Me, that I may answer him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will ask Me for forgiveness, that I may forgive him?"" Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1094) and Muslim (758). So he should say du`aa' at this time because it is a time when du`aa' is answered, not because of sahoor.


With regard to the intention, the site thereof is the heart, and it is not prescribed to utter it out loud. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: "Whoever thinks in his heart that he will fast tomorrow has formed the intention."


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